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Modalities and Therapeutic Exercise


The term modality refers to the application of a therapeutic agent.  

This may include Electrotherapeutic Modalities such as Laser,

TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation), or

NMES (NeuroMuscular Electrical Stimulation) or

Thermal Modalities such as superficial heat or cold or,

finally, Manual Therapy techniques such as Massage, Stretching,

or Joint Mobilization.  All of the above techniques are utilized i

n rehabilitation at Pfister Animal Hospital.  




In addition to these modalities, a variety of Therapeutic Exercises

are prescribed.  This includes any exercise where the pet is actively

moving joints and muscles.  The following are some GOALS of



  • Improve active pain-free range of motion

  • Improve use of limb and reduce lameness

  • Improve muscle mass and strength

  • Improve daily function

  • Help prevent further injury




As a pet owner, you will play a key role in this part of your pet's rehabilitation

on a daily basistherefore you need to be prepared to be fully committed to

performing prescribed exercises at home. 

The following are some BENEFITS of Therapeutic Exercise:

  • Facilitates an increased rate of recovery

  • Improves the quality of movement

  • Non-invasive

  • Enhanced performance and endurance

  • Positive psychological effects for both you and your pet



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